The DBID is an internal, unique identifier for a database. RMAN distinguishes databases by DBID, so you could not register a seed database and a manually copied database together in the same RMAN repository.
changing DBID is a serious procedure. When you change DBID previous backups and archived redo logs become invalid.
1) shutdown immediate;
2) startup mount;
I) To change only DBID just invoke nid target=username/pass
II) To change both DBID and DBNAME invoke nid target=username/pass DBNAME=new_database_name
III)To change only DBNAME invoke nid target=username/pass DBNAME=new_database_name SETNAME=y
I show you method to change both DBID and DBNAME:
Here is Video of these procedures
SQL> select dbid, name from v$database; DBID NAME ---------- --------- 2570398171 TESTDB SQL> shutdown immediate; ..... SQL> startup mount; ..... nid target=sys/oracle dbname=test DBNEWID: Release 126.96.36.199.0 - Production on Thu Nov 14 21:11:16 2013 Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Connected to database TESTDB (DBID=2570398171) Connected to server version 11.2.0 Control Files in database: +DG1/testdb/controlfile/current.296.787767029 +DG1/testdb/controlfile/current.323.787767031 Changing database ID from 2570398171 to 2129633269 Changing database name from TESTDB to TEST Control File +DG1/testdb/controlfile/current.296.787767029 - modified Control File +DG1/testdb/controlfile/current.323.787767031 - modified Datafile +DG1/testdb/datafile/system.277.78776789 - dbid changed, wrote new name Datafile +DG1/testdb/datafile/sysaux.334.78776794 - dbid changed, wrote new name Datafile +DG1/testdb/datafile/undotbs1.336.78776799 - dbid changed, wrote new name Datafile +DG1/testdb/datafile/users.338.78776802 - dbid changed, wrote new name Datafile +DG1/testdb/datafile/example.340.78776802 - dbid changed, wrote new name Datafile +DG1/testdb/tempfile/temp1.262.83150196 - dbid changed, wrote new name Control File +DG1/testdb/controlfile/current.296.787767029 - dbid changed, wrote new name Control File +DG1/testdb/controlfile/current.323.787767031 - dbid changed, wrote new name Instance shut down Database name changed to TEST. Modify parameter file and generate a new password file before restarting. Database ID for database TEST changed to 2129633269. All previous backups and archived redo logs for this database are unusable. Database has been shutdown, open database with RESETLOGS option. Successfully changed database name and ID. DBNEWID - Completed successfully.
after that startup database in nomount mode an change db_name parameter after that you can start database with resetlogs option;
SQL> startup nomount; ..... SQL> alter system set db_name=test scope=spfile; ..... SQL> shutdown immediate; SQL> startup mount; SQL> alter database open resetlogs; ..... orapwd file=$ORACLE_HOME/dbs/orapwtest.ora password=anypass entries=5;
now let me check dbid and db_name for ensure that they have new values
SQL> select dbid, name from v$database; DBID NAME ---------- --------- 2129633269 TEST
everything is ok, after that it’s vital to make new full backup.